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Tsushima leopard cat

Tsushima leopard cat in decline

Tsushima catThe number of Tsushima leopard cats, an endangered species found only on Tsushima Island in Nagasaki Prefecture, is shrinking, a survey by the Environment Ministry shows.

Only 70 to 100 of the animals are left on the island, according to the survey, which was released Wednesday.

Thirteen of the cats were killed in traffic accidents during fiscal 2012 alone, while a decline in their prey, including mice and birds as well as insects in the summer months, is accelerating the downtrend, the ministry said.

The ministry monitored the cat’s population between fiscal 2010 and 2012 through cameras and by analyzing DNA from their droppings.

In the previous survey from fiscal 2002 and 2004, the ministry estimated that around 80 to 100 Tsushima leopard cats were living on the island.

The ministry said it will explore the reasons behind the species’ decline in greater detail and draft measures to increase their numbers, for instance by returning to the wild those that are being bred in zoos in Nagasaki Prefecture and other parts of the nation.

The species was designated as a special natural monument by the government in 1971, and, two decades later, as a national endangered species.

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Borneo Bay Cat (Pardofelis Badia)

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Borneo’s bay cat is so elusive that it took over a century before researchers got a chance to study a live one in detail. Covered in striking, rust-red fur with white under the tail and face stripes, this cat was officially named in 1874 on the basis of a skull and torn skin sent to England by the famous naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace. Naturalists didn’t have a chance to study a live one until a bay cat was captured in 1992, and the cat remains so difficult to find that researchers know very little about how this secretive cat actually lives. The fact that the cat is so difficult to find is all the more frustrating because conservationists list the felid as endangered. The deforestation of Borneo may wipe out the bay cat before scientists get a chance to find out more about it.

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